Viruses Usually named by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV)


Based on their genetic structure to facilitate the development of diagnostic tests, vaccines, and medicines. Virologists and the broader scientific community do this work.

Coronavirus ( CoV) is the family name of the virus that caused COVID-19. 

How the disease got that name?

(COVID-19) is the name of the disease

The (CO) stands for corona. (VI) is for the virus. And (D) means disease. The 19 is for 2019, the year the disease first appeared in China. 

How the virus got that name?

(SARS-CoV-2) is the virus that caused COVID-19
They chose the virus name because it is genetically related to the coronavirus responsible for the SARS outbreak of 2003. While related, the two viruses are different.

When and where COVID-19 Discovered?

COVID-19 Discovered in December 2019

COVID-19 first discovered in Wuhan city in the chain 

Binding Receptor of coronavirus 


Binds to ACE2


Binds to DPPE4


Binds to ACE2

seven coronavirus species have been associated with human disease:   

  • HCoV 229E 

  • HCoV OC43 

  • SARS-CoV 

  • HCoV NL63 (New Haven coronavirus) 

  • HCoV HKU1 

  • MERS-CoV (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus) 

  • SARS-CoV-2  

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